Colombia Excelso EP – are large beans but slightly smaller than Supremo with a screen size of 15 – 16.
The term Excelso is used as quality grading due to the correlation between bean size and flavor.
Supremo and Excelso coffee beans may be harvested from the same tree, as they’re sorted by size after processing.
Bucaramanga – known as “The city of the parks” is the capital city of the department of Santander, located in north – central Colombia.
Medellín – known as the “City of Eternal Spring” is the capital city of the department of Antioquia, located north west and birthplace of coffee in Colombia.
Colombia is the largest producer of washed Arabica coffee and third total highest in the world, after Brazil and Vietnam.
Its annual production ranges from 12 million to 15 million 70-kilo (154 lbs) bags.
Annually Colombia exports approximately 12.5 million bags and consumes about 2 million bags.
Colombia is very unique that is able to produce coffee all 12 months of the year due to it’s range of microclimates and terrain.
The flowering period is from April – October and the Main Crop harvest from September – December.
The Mitaca harvest runs from March – June.
The primary varieties grown in Colombia are Caturra, Bourbon ,Typica and Variedad Colombia (resistant to leaf rust disease know as Roya).
Colombian coffee is referred by the region in which it is grown and altitudes range from 1,200 – 2,000 meters above sea level.
- Antioquia – capital Medellin
- Caldas – capital Manizales
- Cauca – capital Popayan
- Huila – capital Neiva
- Nariño – capital Pasto
- Santander – capital Bucaramanga
- Tolima – capital Ibague
- Valle del Cauca – capital Cali
- Supremo – Screen 17/18
- European Preparation (EP) – Screen 15
- Excelso – Screen 14/16